مقایسه اثربخشی دوروش تمرین مربی محور و ورزشکار محور برعملکرد ورزشی ، خلاقیت وانگیزش ورزشی دختران ژیمناست

نوع مقاله : علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه رفتار حرکتی و علوم ورزشی، واحد تهران مرکزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

2 استادیار رشد و تکامل و یادگیری حرکتی، گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه شاهد، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی، تهران، ایران

4 گروه مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، واحد تهران مرکزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

10.52547/mbsp.5.2.57

چکیده

هدف:    هدف پژوهش حاضر مقایسه اثربخشی دو روش تمرین ورزشکار محور و مربی محور بر خلاقیت و انگیزش ورزشی در دختران ژیمناست بوده است.روش ها: از طرح نیمه تجربی دو گروهی با پیش آزمون -پس آزمون استفاده شد. جامعه آماری شامل دختران ژیمناست 10 تا 14 ساله شهر تهران و نمونه آماری 40 نفر(20 نفر گروه ورزشکار محور و 20 نفر گروه مربی محور) که به طور تصادفی به گروهها واگذار شدند. از ابزارهای آزمون خلاقیت(عابدی، 1372) و پرسشنامه انگیزش ورزشی(گیل،1983) برای سنجش متغیرها استفاده شد. پس از انجام پیش آزمون ، گروه ها به طور جداگانه و به مدت دو ماه و دو روز در هفته در جلسات یک و نیم ساعته پروتکل تمرینات ورزشکار محور و مربی محور را اجرا کردند. پس از انجام پس آزمون برای آزمون فرضیه ها، داده ها با استفاده از آماره کوواریانس چند متغیری(مانکووا)  و نرم افزار SPSS24مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفتند.یافته ها: نتایج نشان داد که که بین دو گروه در مرحله پس آزمون در  میانگین متغیرهای خلاقیت و انگیزش ورزشی تفاوت آماری وجود دارد و  درگروه تمرینات ورزشکار محور افزایش بیشتری در خلاقیت و انگیزش ورزشی در مقایسه با گروه مربی محور مشاهده گردید.نتیجه گیری: با توجه به اثربخشی بیشتر تمرینات ورزشکار محور در ژیمناستیک، پیشنهاد می گردد برای افزایش خلاقیت و انگیرش ورزشی در دختران ژیمناست بیشتر مورد توجه قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparing the Effectiveness of Two Athletic-centered and Coach-centered practices Methods on Gymnastics Girls' creativity and Sport Motivation

نویسندگان [English]

  • maryam rokhsati 1
  • Esmail Nasiri 2
  • Sadegh Nasri 3
  • Mohammad reza Esmaeili 4
1 Department of Movement Behavior and Sports Sciences, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Growth and Development and Motor Learning, Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Humanities, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran
3 Associate Professor of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Sports Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of two methods of athlete-centered and coach- centered practice on creativity and motivation in gymnast girls.Methods: Two-group quasi-experimental design with pre-test and post-test was used. The statistical population consisted of 10 to 14-year-old gymnast girls in Tehran and the sample consisted of 40 subjects (20 athlete-centered group and 20 coach-centered group) who were randomly assigned to the groups. The creativity test (Abedi, 1993) and sport motivation questionnaire (Gill, 1983) were used to measure the variables. After pre-test, the groups performed athlete-coaching and coaching protocols for two and a half hour sessions individually for two months and two days a week. Data were analyzed using multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) and SPSS software.Results: The results showed that there was a statistically significant difference between the two groups in the posttest stage in the mean of creativity and sport motivation variables and in the athletic practice group there was a greater increase in creativity and motivation compared to the coached group.Conclusion: Due to the greater effectiveness of athlete-centered exercises in gymnastics, it is suggested to pay more attention to increase athletic creativity and motivation in gymnast girls.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sport motivation
  • Creativity
  • Coach-centered
  • Athlete-centered
  • Gymnastics
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