نوع مقاله : علمی- پژوهشی
1 کارشناســـی ارشـــد روان شناســـی ورزشی، دانشـــگاه آزاد اســـلامی، واحـــد اصفهان(خوراسگان) ، اصفهان، .ایران
2 استادیار گروه روان شناسی بالینی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد اصفهان(خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare of Pilates Versus Brittonic Exercises on mental toughness, life expectancy and memory in Menopausal women in Isfahan.
Methods: The research method was semi-experimental, and the research design was three groups with three stages (pre-test, post-test and follow up design). In order to conduct research, 45 postmenopausal women referred to Isfahan Health Center were purposefully selected and randomly divided into two experimental groups and a control group. Snyder’s Hope Scale (1991), Wechsler memory scale (1987) and mental toughness Kobasa (1989) was used to measuring the dependent variable in the pretest, post-test and follow up. Pilates training program group in 24 sessions of group training and according to the training goal including 10 minutes of warm-up, 40 minutes of main body and 10 minutes of cooling, Brittonic training program for postmenopausal women for 24 sessions of 15 minutes of warm-up, 30 minutes of torso Exercise, 10 minutes of stretching and sometimes a little strength. The data were analyzed with the use of repeated-measures analysis of variance.
Results: The results showed that Pilates and Brittonic Exercises were effective in increasing all three variables of mental toughness, life expectancy and memory (P <0.05). Also, there was no significant difference between these two sports exercises (P <0.05).
Conclusion: Pilates and Brittonic exercises are both effective ways to increase mental toughness, life expectancy and memory in postmenopausal women.