نقش سه گانه تاریک شخصیت و استحکام روانی در پیش بینی نگرش به دوپینگ بدنسازان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری تخصصی روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی عمومی، گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

3 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی عمومی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه ایران.

4 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی عمومی، گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

5 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد لاهیجان، لاهیجان، ایران

10.52547/mbsp.6.2.1

چکیده

هدف: پژوهش حاضر با هدف تعیین نقش سه گانه تاریک شخصیت و استحکام روانی در پیش‌بینی نگرش به دوپینگ در بدنسازان مرد انجام شد.
روش‌ها: پژوهش حاضر توصیفی از نوع همبستگی است. جامعه پژوهش بدنسازان مرد شهر رشت در سال 1398 بودند که از میان آن‌ها 230 نفر با روش نمونه‌گیری دردسترس انتخاب شدند. داده‌ها با پرسشنامه‌های نگرش به بهبود عملکرد پتروسزی و آیدمن، سه‌گانه تاریک شخصیت جوناسون و وبستر و استحکام روانی شرد و همکاران جمع‌آوری شدند. داده‌ها با استفاده از آزمون همبستگی و رگرسیون چندگانه از طریق نرم‌افزار SPSS نسخة 24 تحلیل شدند.
نتایج: یافته‌ها نشان داد ماکیاولیسم (625/0=r)، رفتار ضداجتماعی (468/0=r) و خودشیفتگی (420/0=r) با نگرش به دوپینگ همبستگی مثبت و معنادار داشتند. از سویی دیگر، اطمینان (478/0-=r)، پایداری (480/0-=r) و کنترل (570/0-=r) با نگرش به دوپینگ همبستگی منفی و معنادار داشتند. همچنین متغیرهای سه‌گانه تاریک شخصیت و استحکام روانی 6/52 درصد از تغییرات نگرش به دوپینگ بدنسازان مرد را پیش‌بینی کردند (01/0>P).
نتیجه‌گیری: یافته‌ها نشان داد بدنسازان دارای رگه‌های تاریک شخصیت نگرش مثبت‌تری نسبت به استفاده از داروهای غیرمجاز و دوپینگی از خود نشان می‌دهد. ورزشکارانی که طول مدت ورزش حرفه‌ای خود از استحکام روانی مناسبی برخوردارند کمتر به سمت داروهای دوپینگی کشیده خواهند شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Dark Triad Personality and Mental Toughness in Predicting Bodybuilders’ Attitude toward Doping

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farzin Bagheri Sheykhangafshe 1
  • Reza Shabahang 2
  • Masoomeh Kukli 3
  • Seyedeh Farnaz Sedighian 4
  • Danial Alizadeh 5
1 PhD Candidate in Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2 M.A in General Psychology, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
3 M.A in General Psychology, Faculty of Literature and Human Sciences, University of Urmia, Urmia, Iran
4 M.A in General Psychology, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Literature and Human Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran.
5 Master of Clinical Psychology, Lahijan Branch of Azad University, Lahijan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the dark triad personality and mental toughness in predicting doping attitudes in male bodybuilders.
Methods: The present study is a descriptive correlational study. The study population consisted of male bodybuilders in Rasht in 2019 among whom 230 were selected by convenience sampling method. Data were collected using Performance Enhancement Attitude Scale Petróczi & Aidman’s, Dark Triad Scale Jonason & Webster’s, and Sports Mental Toughness Questionnaire Sheard et all. Data were analyzed using correlation test and multiple regression using SPSS software version 24.
Results: The results showed that Machiavellianism (r=0.625), psychopathy (r=0.468) and narcissism (r=0.420) had a positive and significant correlation with doping attitude. On the other, confidence (r=0.478), constancy (r=-0.480) and control (r= -0.570) were negatively and significantly correlated with doping attitude. Also, the variables of dark triad personality and mental toughness predicted 52.6% of the changes in attitudes toward doping in male bodybuilders (P<0.01).
Conclusion: The findings showed that bodybuilders with dark veins showed a positive attitude towards the use of illicit drugs and doping. Athletes who reduce the length of their professional exercise from adequate mental strength were drawn due to doping drugs.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Doping attitude
  • Dark triad personality
  • Mental toughness
  • Bodybuilders
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