عنوان مقاله [English]
The present study aims to investigate the effect of local indigenous games on executive-cognitive functions in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A quasi-experimental pretest/posttest with control group design was conducted. The statistical population consisted of all girls aged between 7-9 years old who referred to two psychological and counseling centers in Yasuj city. They were evaluated and identified by specialists. The statistical sample consisted of 30 children with attention deficits/hyperactivity disorder (combined type) that were selected through purposive and convenience sampling to desired population, and were randomly assigned into control and experimental groups. Experimental group participated for 12 weeks in the local indigenous games and during the training period, the control group continued their daily activities. The instruments used in this study were Conners' parent/teacher short-form questionnaire, Wechsler's revised intelligence test, and a measuring device for motor-cognitive functions which, respectively, were used for diagnosis of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, determining IQ, and assessing executive-cognitive functions. Both groups participated in a pretest and posttest and the data were analyzed using covariance analysis. The results showed that a period of local indigenous games is effective for improving executive cognitive functions (reaction time, Selective attention, response inhibition, vigilance, impulsivity and attention shifting). According to the findings of the study it can be concluded that local indigenous games can be used for improving executive-cognitive functions in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder.