Background: One of the most effective factors in successful performance is the focus of attention, which is vital as a psychological and cognitive prerequisite for performing well in sports.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect external and internal attention on shooting skill of novice and elite shooters among staff of Malek Ashtar Educational Center in Arak.
Methods: The research was quasi-experimental with an applied purpose. The statistical population of the study was all soldiers at the Malek Ashtar Educational Center. The statistical sample consisted of 30 people in a convenience sampling. According to shooting experience, participants were divided into two groups of 15 skilled and novice shooters. The tools used in this study were a shooting simulator and a scorecard. To test the hypothesis, mix design ANOVA, bonferroni test and were administered using Spss 26 software at the significance level of 0.05.
Results: The results of mixed analysis of variance showed that the main effect of the experimental groups was significant, the main effect of the attention conditions was also significant, but the group's interaction with the attention conditions was not significant. The shooting accuracy of novice (P <0.001) and elite (P <0.001) in external attention was significantly better than internal attention.
Conclusion: It seems that the staff of Malek Ashtar Educational Center will probably have more benefits in providing instructions and guidance to elements outside the body and its movements while performing shooting skills.