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رابطۀ خود شفقتی با ترس از شکست در دختران نوجوان تکواندوکار

چکیده

هدف: هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی نقش خود شفقتی بر ترس از شکست در دختران نوجوان موفق و کم‌تر موفق رشته ورزشي تکواندو بود.

روش‌ها: پژوهش حاضر توصیفی- همبستگی و جامعه آماری آن تمامی تکواندوکاران دختر نوجوان حاضر در مسابقات لیگ (برتر و دسته یک) نوجوان بودند. در این پژوهش 160 تکواندوکار (80 موفق و 80 کم‌تر موفق) با دامنه سنی (15-17) به‌صورت نمونه‌گیری هدفمند بررسی شدند و پرسشنامه‌های خود شفقتی  و ترس از شکست  را تکمیل نمودند. داده‌ها از طریق آزمون‌های آماری همبستگی پیرسون، تحلیل رگرسیون و تحلیل واریانس تحلیل شد.

نتایج: نتایج نشان داد که به‍ طور معناداری بین خود شفقتی و ترس از شکست همبستگی منفی وجود دارد و راهبرد خود شفقتی به‌صورت منفی تغییرات ترس از شکست را تبیین می‎کند، به‌علاوه، نتایج نشان داد که در مقایسه با گروه کم‌تر موفق، تکواندوکاران موفق ترس از شکست کم‌تری داشتند و به میزان بیش‌تری از راهبرد خود شفقتی استفاده می‌کنند.

نتیجه‌گیری: بر اساس یافته‌های پژوهش حاضر به‍ نظر می‌رسد، راهبرد خود شفقتی نقش مؤثری در تعدیل ترس از شکست تکواندوکاران ایفاء می‌کند و تقویت این ویژگی می‌تواند برای پي‌ريزي مداخلات کاهش ترس از شکست و اثرات آن مورد توجه قرار گیرد.

واژگان کلیدی
شرم، حس مشترک انسانی، خود مهربانی، تکواندوکاران نخبه، ذهن آگاهی، موفقیت

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