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بررسی نقش حضور تماشاگران و اضطراب رقابتی بر عملکرد ورزشی ورزشکاران با رویکرد فراتحلیل

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بهره گیری از یکی از شیوه های نوین ِپژوهش، تحت عنوان «فراتحلیل»، به تحلیل و ترکیب نتایج پژوهش­های انجام شده در کشور ایران، در زمینه مطالعات انجام شده پیرامون عملکرد ورزشکاران انجام شده است. بدین منظور، تعداد 25 پژوهش انجام یافته در عملکرد ورزشکاران و از میان آنها تعداد 24 پژوهش که قابلیت بررسی داشت، برای فرا تحلیل انتخاب شد. پژوهش ها بر اساس این فهرست که شامل مؤلفه های روش شناختی تحقیق مانند پرسش ها، فرضیه ها، اهداف، جامعه آماری، نمونه گیری، روش پژوهش، روش آماری، روایی و پایاییِ پرسشنامه ها است، برای فراتحلیل انتخاب شدند. نتایج پژوهش حاضر با بهره گیری از روش ترکیب اندازه اثر به روش «اشمیت وهانتر» نشان داد که  بین اضطراب رقابتی و عملکرد  ورزشی ورزشکاران رابطه منفی وجود دارد. همچنین رابطه بین حضور تماشاگران و عملکرد ورزشی ورزشکاران معنادار و مثبت می باشد. از این اطلاعات می­توان در زمینه طرح ریزی برنامه­های تمرینی و مرتبط با عملکرد ورزشی بهره جست.

واژگان کلیدی
فراتحلیل، عملکرد ورزشی، اضطراب رقابتی، تماشاگران

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